Digital Communication


Digital Communication

Install WordPress on Ubuntu: tutorial


If you want to install WordPress on Ubuntu, it is better to bet on the LAMP battery, a combination of the Linux distribution, the Apache web server, MySQL or MariaDB and the PHP scripting language. Installation and configuration of the content management system is carried out as usual via the terminal.

Why use WordPress with Ubuntu?

If you want to manage a web project with the WordPress CMS, you can use classic server operating systems as a basis. It is also possible to use an Ubuntu server as a hosting system. It’s even a good choice in many respects:

  • Ubuntu is open source and usable for free
  • Security-related errors and weaknesses are quickly fixed
  • You benefit from a great freedom of administration
  • Ubuntu is less often the target of cybercrime than Windows systems
  • It benefits from integrated tools allowing remote access

You are completely free to use Ubuntu with or without graphical user interface to create your WordPress site. Your know-how is essential here: if you know the Linux world well, you can do without a graphical interface and thus save money. valuable material resources.

WordPress with Ubuntu: what are the prerequisites?

Just like Ubuntu, WordPress is not very demanding when it comes to the hardware of the hosting environment. If you want to run a simple site, WordPress generally needs 512 MB of RAM and of 1 GB CPU maximum. If the project grows and you work with a large number of WordPress themes and WordPress plugins, you will however need to provide additional performance for the CMS.

In terms of software, WordPress requires the following components for flawless operation:

  • Scripting language: PHP 7.4 or higher
  • Web server : Apache; NGINX
  • Database : MySQL 5.7 or higher; MariaDB 10.3 or higher (see also “MariaDB vs. MySQL”)

Furthermore, the HTTPS support is required and can be activated at any time both in Apache (by module) and in NGINX (by parameter).

The simplest solution for installing the described software components is to set up a LAMP server.

Install WordPress on Ubuntu: tutorial

WordPress works on different versions of Ubuntu. So you can use an old edition of the Linux distribution or the current version. For our tutorial, we installed WordPress on Ubuntu 22.04. The server used is Apache and the MySQL database.

Step 1: Install dependencies

If you have not yet configured a LAMP server or installed the necessary software components, do so in this first step. To obtain the current versions of Apache, MySQL and PHPopen the terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2 \
   ghostscript \
   libapache2-mod-php \
   mysql-server \
   php \
   php-bcmath \
   php-curl \
   php-imagick \
   php-intl \
   php-json \
   php-mbstring \
   php-mysql \
   php-xml \


After a short check, you get an overview of the packages that need to be reinstalled or updated. Confirm the download (and the disk space required for installation) by typing “ J » and pressing the Enter key.

Ubuntu 22.04: installing PHP, MySQL and Apache via the terminal
Installing PHP, MySQL and Apache in Ubuntu 22.04 Terminal: In our case, 67 components need to be reinstalled and four components need to be updated.

Step 2: Download WordPress Files

Once the basic structure is in place, you can start installing WordPress on your Ubuntu server. Ubuntu has standard package files that can be installed using the package manager. However, it is recommended to obtain the installation files directly from the official WordPress website, This way you are sure to work with the current version of WordPress and to be able to call on WordPress support in case of problems.

With the following commands you first create a installation directory appropriate and then give access rights to the user profile “www-data” (standard user for web server operations). Finally, you download the current WordPress installation files:

sudo mkdir -p /srv/www
sudo chown www-data: /srv/www
curl | sudo -u www-data tar zx -C /srv/www


Do you want to save valuable time when installing and configuring your WordPress project? With hosting packages from IONOS, installing WordPress has never been easier: start the installation in the customer portal, enter your site title and access data and complete all other steps with the wizard installation.

Step 3: Configure Apache for WordPress

The next step is to configure the Apache web server so that WordPress can run on Ubuntu. To do this, first create a configuration file in the Apache directory under the name wordpress.conf :

sudo touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/wordpress.conf


Then open the file with the following command:

sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/wordpress.conf


Now copy the following lines into the file, then save everything:

<VirtualHost *:80>
   DocumentRoot /srv/www/wordpress
   <Directory /srv/www/wordpress>
      Options FollowSymLinks
      AllowOverride Limit Options FileInfo
      DirectoryIndex index.php
      Require all granted
   <Directory /srv/www/wordpress/wp-content>
      Options FollowSymLinks
      Require all granted


Now activate the page and the URL rewriting and deactivate the “It works!” page » which WordPress otherwise presents by default. To do this, execute the following three commands successively:

sudo a2ensite wordpress
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2dissite 000-default


Ubuntu Terminal: activating and deactivating modules and pages
Ubuntu Terminal: activation and deactivation of modules and pages.

Finally, restart the Apache web server:

sudo service apache2 reload


For the web server to make your WordPress project accessible via an individual address, you will need a domain name. At IONOS you can register your own domain name today and thus obtain the desired address.

Step 4: Create a MySQL Database

To be able to install WordPress on Ubuntu, you must create a first database for the project. To do this, first connect to the MySQL server with the root account:

Once the connection is successful, you will see the MySQL input line “ mysql> “.

Connect to MySQL in Ubuntu Terminal
Once the connection to the MySQL server is successful, the Ubuntu terminal presents the specific input line “mysql>”.

In the next step, create a database named “wordpress” using the following command:



It is also necessary to create a user profile for the database. Instead of “Password”, you can set your individual password with the following command:

CREATE USER wordpress@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘<*Mot de passe*>‘;


Now grant the user profile the database access rights :

   -> ON wordpress.*
   -> TO wordpress@localhost;


THE changes made to the database can be applied as follows, without restarting the MySQL service:

Finally, disconnect from the MySQL server:

Step 5: Connect WordPress to the Created Database

The new database should now be linked to WordPress. To do this, appropriate entries must be created in the configuration file wp-config.php. Since no configuration has been created so far, just use the example configuration you copy into wp-config.php using the following command:

sudo -u www-data cp /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config-sample.php /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config.php


Transfer then the Name of the data base (wordpress), theuser created (wordpress) and password chosen (defined in step 4) in the configuration file:

sudo -u www-data sed -i ‘s/database_name_here/wordpress/’ /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config.php
sudo -u www-data sed -i ‘s/username_here/wordpress/’ /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config.php
sudo -u www-data sed -i ‘s/password_here/<*IhrPasswort*>/’ /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config.php


Finally open the configuration file with the command:

sudo -u www-data nano /srv/www/wordpress/wp-config.php


Verify that the information from the created database was transferred as desired, then delete the following lines from the file :

define( ‘AUTH_KEY’,         ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘SECURE_AUTH_KEY’,  ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘LOGGED_IN_KEY’,    ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘NONCE_KEY’,        ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘AUTH_SALT’,        ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘SECURE_AUTH_SALT’, ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘LOGGED_IN_SALT’,   ‘put your unique phrase here’ );
define( ‘NONCE_SALT’,       ‘put your unique phrase here’ );


Access this page and copy the entries presented with randomly generated keys in place of the previously deleted lines. Save changes to the configuration file.

wp-config.php configuration file with new key entries
Every time the key generator page is called, new random entries are automatically created for *wp-config.php*.

Step 6: Install and Configure WordPress on Ubuntu

Open your browser and type “ localhost “. The WordPress installation wizard will then appear automatically. Select the desired language and then indicate the Project title as well as the username and the password to connect to the WordPress backend. Additionally, the wizard requires a valid email address to complete the setup.

Install WordPress on Ubuntu: installation wizard
In the WordPress for Ubuntu configuration wizard, you can notably exclude your project from indexing by search engines by checking the “Visibility for search engines” box.

When you have filled in all the information, complete the configuration and installation of WordPress on Ubuntu by clicking on “ Install WordPress “. A confirmation message is then displayed and you can now call up the login screen for the backend in the browser at any time via the address localhost/wp-login.php. All you need to do is enter the username and password you set to log in to WordPress.

WordPress backend: login page
WordPress backend: login page.

In summary: creating web projects with WordPress and Ubuntu

Installing WordPress on Ubuntu is within the reach of novices. Users with the appropriate hardware install the necessary software components as quickly as they download the content management system program files. Just the web server and database configuration may seem a bit unusual at first. Using the instructions above, you will easily install your WordPress project on your own Ubuntu server.

Have you installed WordPress on Ubuntu and now want to get started with the CMS? Also take a look at the following Digital Guide articles:

Télécharger notre livre blanc

Comment construire une stratégie de marketing digital ?

Le guide indispensable pour promouvoir votre marque en ligne

En savoir plus

Souhaitez vous Booster votre Business?

écrivez-nous et restez en contact